By George Orwell

Written in 1949 Orwell pens a warning about the dangers of Communism he witnessed in Spain and Russia. The government uses various tactics to control all aspects of human life and demonstrates that totalitarianism ultimately destroys individuality.


  1. Psychological Manipulation
  2. Physical Control
  3. Information and History Manipulation
  4. Technology
  5. Language as Mind Control
  6. Loyalty
  7. Resistance and Revolution
  8. Independence and Identity

war is peace
freedom is slavery
ignorance is strength

Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.

And perhaps you might pretend, afterwards, that it was only a trick and that you just said it to make them stop and didn’t really mean it. But that isn’t true. At the time when it happens you do mean it. You think there’s no other way of saving yourself and you’re quite ready to save yourself that way. You want it to happen to the other person. You don’t give a damn what they suffer. All you care about is yourself.

“‘Don’t you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it.’”

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